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Development and style
 
Although domestic architecture of the Edwardian period during the early part of the 20c was still subject to the enduring influence of the Domestic Revival movement which flourished during the latter part of the 19c, simpler, smaller scale and less decorative houses were being built. This was the beginning of a break away from the applied period styles of the Victorian era when to be beautiful a building must necessarily be built in the manner of a past age. A return to simplicity and honesty begins to take place and although they made little use of new materials a number of influential architects rejected Revivalist features by building simple, straightforward vernacular architecture based on old English cottages and farmhouses. Many house elevations have plainer brick, pebbledash or roughcast render wall surfaces pierced with smaller or horizontal windows, half-timbering, steep roofs and tall chimneys. The plan of the house is informal but more rational than that of the Victorian era.

Stylistically, the origin of this development lay in the Arts and Crafts movement, an evolving


House on Clumber Road East 1904 Architect E. M. Lacey

 

influence that spanned from the 1860’s to the 1920’s gradually establishing a sense of independence of the past.

Also emerging in Britain at the beginning of the 19c was Art Nouveau, a distinctive design style originated in France during the 1880’s. Characterised by sinuous lines in compositions that included luxuriant foliage etc, Art Nouveau never became a full blown architectural style in Britain apart from a few notable exceptions. It appears most frequently in the design of furnishings and decorative detail in the form of stained glass, cast iron fire surrounds, light fittings and wall covering patterns. Examples of early 20c houses in The Park include individual houses on Cavendish Road East and groups of houses on Barrack Lane, Clare Valley and Huntingdon
Drive.
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